• Login
  • Register
  • A Virtual Museum on the State's Fish Biodiversity
    Fundulus similis
    Longnose Killifish
    Credit: Chad Thomas, Texas State University

    Taxonomic Hierarchy

    Life
    Animalia
    Chordata
    Actinopterygii
    Cyprinodontiformes
    Fundulidae (Topminnows)
    Fundulus
    Fundulus similis (Longnose Killifish)

    Description

    All text below is derived from a January 2013 copy of Dr. Timothy Bonner's website at Texas State University. That content was derived primarily from published literature. We are aware of some conflicts with the museum record and the content below will evolve as the new, expanded UT and Texas State Fishes of Texas project team members are able to update it. We invite collaborations to improve and expand the species account content. Please contact us if you wish to help, or if you discover flaws in our species account content that you can address.

    Type Locality

    Near Indianola, Texas (Baird and Girard 1853).

     

    Etymology/Derivation of Scientific Name

     

     

    Synonymy

    Hydrargyra similis Baird and Girard (1853).

    Fundulus similis insularis

    Fundulus insularis

    Fundulus similis Nelson et al. 2004:217.

     

    Characters

    Maximum size:

     

    Coloration: Body with about 10 dark bars, the last with dark spot dorsally; body without a distinct dark lateral band (Hubbs et al. 2008).

     

    Counts: 31-39 longitudinal scale rows (Hubbs et al. 2008).

     

    Body shape: Eye goes more than 1.5 times in snout; distance from origin of dorsal fin to end of hypural plate less than distance from origin of dorsal fin to preopercle or occasionally about equal to that distance (Hubbs et al. 2008).

     

    External morphology: Gill slit extending dorsal to uppermost pectoral fin ray (Hubbs et al. 2008).

     

    Distribution (Native and Introduced)

    U.S. distribution: Most commonly found in coastal waters from northeastern Florida to northeastern Mexico, however, individuals may penetrate short distances upstream in coastal rivers (Hubbs et al. 2008).

     

    Texas distribution: May travel short distances upstream in coastal rivers (Hubbs et al. 2008).

     

    Abundance/Conservation status (Federal, State, NGO)

     

     

    Habitat Associations

    Macrohabitat: Marine (Hubbs et al. 2008).

     

    Mesohabitat:

     

    Biology

    Spawning season:

     

    Spawning habitat:

     

    Spawning Behavior:

     

    Fecundity

     

    Age at maturation

     

    Migration:

     

    Growth and Population structure: 

     

    Longevity:

     

    Food habits:

     

    Phylogeny and morphologically similar fishes

     

     

    Host Records

     

     

    Commercial or Environmental Importance

     

     

    References

     

    Baird, S.F., and C. Girard. 1853. Descriptions of new species of fishes collected by Mr. John H. Clark, on the U. S. and Mexican Boundary Survey, under Lt. Col. Jas. D. Graham. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 6(7):387-390.

     

    Hubbs, C., R.J. Edwards, and G.P. Garrett. 2008. An annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of Texas, with keys to identification of species. Texas Journal of Science, Supplement, 2nd edition 43(4):1-87.

     

    Motta, P.J., K.B. Clifton, P. Hernandez, and B.T. Eggold. 1995. Feeding relationships among nine species of seagrass fishes of Tampa Bay, Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science 56(1):185-200.

     

    Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinoza-Perez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea, and J.D. Williams. 2004. Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland.

    Relyea, K. 1983. A systematic study of two species complexes of the genus Fundulus (Pisces: Cyorinodontidae). Bulletin of the Florida State Museum. Biological Sciences. 29(1):1-64.

     

    Records

    There are no records associated with this taxon yet.

    iSpecies Data

    Comments On Fundulus similis

    No comments have been posted yet.

    Occurences Over Time


    Movies

    There are no movies available for this taxon yet.

    Photos

    Credit: Chad Thomas, Texas State University Credit: Garold Sneegas Credit: Garold Sneegas Credit: Garold Sneegas Credit: Garold Sneegas