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  • A Virtual Museum on the State's Fish Biodiversity
    Elops saurus
    Credit: Joseph Tomelleri

    Taxonomic Hierarchy

    Elopidae (Tenpounders)
    Elops saurus (Ladyfish)


    All text below is derived from a January 2013 copy of Dr. Timothy Bonner's website at Texas State University. That content was derived primarily from published literature. We are aware of some conflicts with the museum record and the content below will evolve as the new, expanded UT and Texas State Fishes of Texas project team members are able to update it. We invite collaborations to improve and expand the species account content. Please contact us if you wish to help, or if you discover flaws in our species account content that you can address.

    Type Locality

    No information at this time.


    Etymology/Derivation of Scientific Name

    No information at this time.



    No information at this time.



    Maximum size:  No information at this time.


    Coloration: No information at this time.


    Teeth count: No information at this time.


    Counts: Anal fin soft rays 13-18 (Ross 2001). 21-25 dorsal fin soft rays, SC 103-120 (Hoese and Moore 1977).


    Body shape: Body long, rounded in cross section (Ross 2001).


    Mouth position: Terminal (Hubbs et al. 1991) Psuedobranch well developed (Ross 2001).


    Distribution (Native and Introduced)

    U.S. distribution: Coastal inhabitant occurring throughout the Gulf of Mexico to Brazil (Hubbs et al 1991)


    Texas distribution: Inhabits most of the bays and estuaries of the state; specimens also found in the lower reaches of coastal streams (Hubbs et al. 1991)


    Abundance/Conservation status (Federal, State, Non-governmental organizations)

    No information at this time.


    Habitat Associations

    Macrohabitat: No information at this time.


    Mesohabitat: No information at this time.



    Spawning season: No information at this time.


    Spawning location: No information at this time.


    Reproductive strategy: No information at this time.


    Fecundity: No information at this time.


    Age at maturation: No information at this time.


    Migration:  No information at this time.


    Longevity: No information at this time.


    Food habits:  No information at this time.


    Growth: No information at this time.


    Phylogeny and morphologically similar fishes

    The ladyfish is a member of Elopidae, a primitive family of bony fishes, along with the tarpon.  Both of these fish produce elongate, transparent larva called leptacephalus, a larval type that is characteristic of eels, indicating a close relationship between these otherwise dissimilar fishes (Hildebrand 1963).


    Host Records

     No information at this time.


    Commercial or Environmental Importance

     No information at this time.




    Hubbs, C., R. J. Edwards, and G. P. Garrett. 1991. An annotated checklist of the freshwater fishes of Texas, with keys to identification of species. Texas Journal of Science, Supplement 43(4):1-56.

    Ross, S. T. 2001. The Inland Fishes of Mississippi. University Press of Mississippi 624 pp.

    Hoese, H. D. and R. H. Moore. 1977. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico: Texas, Louisiana, and Adjacent Waters. Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 327 pp.


    Hildebrand, S. F. 1963. Families Elopidae and Albulidae. In: Fishes of the western North Atlantic. Sears Fount. Mar. Res. Mem. no. 1, pt. 3, pp. 11-147.



    There are no records associated with this taxon yet.

    iSpecies Data

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    Occurences Over Time


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    Credit: Joseph Tomelleri Credit: Chad Thomas, Texas State University Credit: Garold Sneegas Credit: Garold Sneegas